Time Line

India    04-Jan-1992

P.S. Badal, Baba Joginder Singh, K.S. Narang, Bhai Manjit Singh, and Baljinder Singh Gandiwind (SSF- Mehta Chawla) held a meeting in Chandigarh called by Mann, during which they decided to boycott the elections.

India    07-Jan-1992

The Punjab Bandh, called by Babbar Akali Dal and Babbar Sikh Vidyarthi Federation and supported by militants and other Sikh organizations, received a partial response.

India    07-Jan-1992

Armed terrorists belonging to Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF) looted INR 1,12,050 from the State Bank of India in Dhaula Kuan, Paonta, Himachal Pradesh.

India    13-Jan-1992

During a SAD (M) conference in Muktsar, Bhai Manjit Singh assured full cooperation with the decision of six Panthic organizations to boycott the polls.

India    13-Jan-1992

SS Mann alleged that Hindus did not do justice to the Sikhs. He stated that they would achieve independence through democratic means, called for facing Hindu Brahmanwadis at Sri Nagar on January 26, and raised slogans such as "Indian Army Go Back" and "Sikh Quam Ki Chaundi Hai-Azadi, Azadi, Azadi".

India    15-Jan-1992

Dr. Daler Singh Buttar, convener of SSF-B, clarified in a statement that the aim of the organization was the formation of a sovereign Sikh State.

India    15-Jan-1992

Sher Singh Doomchheri, President of Youth Akali Dal (YAD-B), along with his gunman, was shot dead near Katron village, Sherpur in Sangrur.

India    16-Jan-1992

A "Maha bandh" was observed in Chandigarh in response to the call given by SJP, BJP, Yuva Janata Dal, and Chandigarh Citizens Council. The bandh was organized in protest against the proposed transfer of the city to Punjab.

India    17-Jan-1992

The Shrimoni Panthic Action Committee meeting in Ludhiana ratified the decision to boycott the elections and declared that whoever participated in the elections would be considered a traitor forever.

India    21-Jan-1992

In a six-member Shrimoni Panthic Action Committee, H.S. Rode demanded the excommunication of those participating in the elections, while K.S. Narang rejected the constitution.

India    23-Jan-1992

Four volunteers of BJP's Ekta Yatra were killed, and 20 others were injured when extremists fired upon two buses near Mehtan village in Phagwara, Kapurthala district.

India    23-Jan-1992

A gang led by Satnam Singh alias Chhina of BTFK, opened fire at a patrolling party of the GRP near Koti Railway Station in Solan district of Himachal Pradesh.

India    25-Jan-1992

Under the directions of Wassan Singh Zaffarwal, Sukhjinder Singh announced the formation of his own party. He stated that Sikhs were a separate nation and had the right to self-determination. He also justified armed and democratic struggle as means to achieve this goal.

India    27-Jan-1992

Nine policemen, including Superintendent of Police (SP) Batala and the deputy chief of KCF, Sukhjinder Singh alias Pappu alias Gora were killed in an encounter in the PS Qadian area of Gurdaspur. Additionally, five others were injured.

India    28-Jan-1992

Senior AISSF (Presidium) leaders announced that they would not recognize the Shrimoni Panthic Action Committee.

India    30-Jan-1992

Badal has expelled Sukhjinder Singh from the party for a period of five years due to his involvement in anti-party activities.

India    04-Feb-1992

Sukhjinder Singh, President of SAD-S announced to boycott elections.

India    07-Feb-1992

The Shrimoni Panthic Action Committee has decided to organize a poll boycott March starting from Anandpur Sahib on February 11.

India    08-Feb-1992

P.S. Badal, SS Mann, and Bhai Manjit Singh were arrested by the Bathinda police under TADA.

India    10-Feb-1992

K.S. Narang was detained under the NSA by Ropar police and is currently lodged in Central Jail Patiala.

India    11-Feb-1992

Tohra was arrested by Ropar Police in a sedition case registered at Civil Lines Police Station, Patiala, in order to foil the proposed "Poll Boycott March" from Anandpur Sahib by SPAC.

India    14-Feb-1992

Eighteen Congress-I workers who were campaigning in Nabha were injured in a bomb explosion, which was lobbed at their vehicle by militants.

India    15-Feb-1992

One person was killed and 20 others were injured in a bomb explosion at the house of the Congress-I candidate for Ludhiana (E) Vidhan Sabha Constituency.

India    16-Feb-1992

Eight BSP workers who were campaigning for the party candidate for Nakodar Constituency were shot dead, and seven others were injured.

India    18-Feb-1992

The call for a Punjab Bandh by the Shrimoni Panthic Action Committee and militants to protest against the holding of elections evoked a substantial response.

India    19-Feb-1992

One person was killed and 17 others were injured in a bomb explosion near the polling camp office of the Congress candidate for Ludhiana (E) Constituency.

India    19-Feb-1992

Peaceful elections were held for 115 Vidhan Sabha and 13 Lok Sabha constituencies.

India    21-Feb-1992

The Congress party secured 12 Lok Sabha seats and 87 Vidhan Sabha seats. BJP won 6 Vidhan Sabha seats, CP1-4, SAD (K)-3, CPM-1, JD-1, UCPI-1, while IND and others secured 5 seats. Additionally, the BSP won 9 Vidhan Sabha seats and 1 Lok Sabha seat.

India    25-Feb-1992

Beant Singh was sworn in as the Chief Minister (CM) of Punjab along with 26 ministers.

India    25-Feb-1992

GS Tohra issued a press statement appealing to Punjabis to boycott the newly elected MLAs/Ministers and not to allow them to enter villages/localities, as they were representatives of only 10% of the total voters.

India    01-Mar-1992

Manmohan Singh, Secretary of SAD-M, appealed to Punjabis to boycott Ministers and MLAs and demanded the release of SPAC leaders.

India    01-Mar-1992

BSP leader Kanshi Ram stated in Delhi that BSP volunteers might resort to militancy as it was the only means to counter state terrorism. He described the government as the biggest militant for compelling Sikhs to take up arms.

India    05-Mar-1992

Anandpur Sahib and Talwandi Sabo were declared as holy cities.

India    07-Mar-1992

The call for a Punjab Bandh by the Babbars evoked a mixed response.

India    09-Mar-1992

During its meeting in Ludhiana, the SPAC declared its non-recognition of the Punjab Government and called for a Punjab Bandh on March 16.

India    10-Mar-1992

The call for a Punjab Bandh given by Shiromani Panthic Action Committee (Kanwar Singh), BTFK, SSF-Bittu, Dashmesh Regiment, KLA, and Akal Federation, in protest against the killing of Sikh Youth in fake encounters, received a mixed response.

India    10-Mar-1992

Fourteen non-Punjabi engineers working at the Indian Acrylic factory in Sangrur were killed, and three others were injured.

India    16-Mar-1992

The call for a Punjab Bandh given by SPAC received a significant response.

India    17-Mar-1992

During a Conference of Hola Mohalla, Inderjit Singh of SSF-Daljit claimed that India would transform into Khalistan within the next three to four months.

India    17-Mar-1992

During an event, a message from Panthic Committee (Sohan) was read out, expressing support for the launch of a jail Bharo Andolan to achieve Khalistan. The message also warned the Chief Minister of Punjab against ongoing injustices against Sikhs and expressed hope that the proclamation "Raj Karega Khalsa" would soon become a reality.

India    18-Mar-1992

During their conference, SPAC aligned themselves with the demands of militants and the establishment of an independent sovereign Sikh State. Harminder Singh Gill declared that if the Beant Singh government was not dismissed the PMF and Army were not withdrawn, they would initiate a Civil Disobedience Movement.

India    18-Mar-1992

The Babbar Sikh Vidyarathi Jathebandi distributed pamphlets titled "Punjab Di Chardi Jawani Nun Paigam," which urged Sikhs to join the armed struggle, support militants in achieving Khalistan, and stated their willingness to support Pakistan if the land of Khalistan become a battlefield.

India    23-Mar-1992

During the commemoration of Bhagat Singh's martyrdom, SPAC leaders declared their commitment to work as a shield for militants and continue their struggle to attain freedom.

India    01-Apr-1992

K.S. Wadala (SAD-B) expressed that the surrender of arms by militants without addressing the Punjab problem was impractical. He stated that Sikhs lacked faith in the current administrative setup and the Constitution of India, and they would not settle for anything less than the resolutions passed at Anandpur Sahib on March 18. He further emphasized that discussions could only be held based on the agenda of an "Independent Khalsa Raj.

India    04-Apr-1992

H.S. Rode asserted that Sikhs had only one aim, which is the establishment of an Independent Khalsa Raj. He appealed to Sikhs to extend their support to militants and to care for their families.

India    13-Apr-1992

Amrik Singh of SSF (Mehta) encouraged Sikhs to engage in a constitutional struggle for the establishment of Khalistan.

India    13-Apr-1992

In a press release, the Babbar Sikh Vidyarathi Jathebandi announced its intention to establish a parallel government of Khalsa after consulting with militant organizations and like-minded parties.

India    15-Apr-1992

Three armed terrorists belonging to KCF-Zaffarwal snatched a SLR from a constable in CP Toba, Bilaspur district, after shooting him.

India    16-Apr-1992

The call for an Amritsar Bandh by KLF, in protest against the killing of militants by the police, received a partial response.

India    17-Apr-1992

Harbans Singh Manjpur was elected as the President of YAD Doomchheri, replacing S.S. Doom Chheri, who was killed by terrorists.

India    19-Apr-1992

Tohra reiterated that the government must engage in talks with militants and hinted at the possibility of launching a peaceful non-cooperation movement to achieve their goal.

India    21-Apr-1992

PS Badal expressed that while his party believed in democratic means, the government was adopting a policy of blood and iron, transforming Punjab into a chamber of torture. He cautioned the Centre to address the aspirations of the Sikhs, otherwise, it would bear responsibility for the consequences.

India    24-Apr-1992

The Panthic Committee (Sohan Singh) and its allied militant organizations requested Panchayats to submit their resignations by June 13, after which no Panchayat would be permitted to function.

India    26-Apr-1992

Balwant Singh Sarhal, a former MLA of SAD, was assassinated by terrorists.

India    29-Apr-1992

G.S. Tohra and SS Mann declared their intention to prevent the functioning of the Punjab government.

India    03-May-1992

Prem Kumar Goel, a Judicial Magistrate of Jagraon and his wife were assassinated by terrorists near Pabbian village in Jagraon, Ludhiana.

India    04-May-1992

SAD (Badal) appealed to Panches and Sarpanches to submit their resignations in protest against state repression.

India    06-May-1992

A.K. Mishra, the Excise and Taxation Commissioner of Punjab Patiala, was fatally shot by terrorists in Patiala.

India    09-May-1992

Seven persons lost their lives, and five others, including Maninderjit Singh Bitta, a state minister, sustained injuries in a bomb explosion in Amritsar.

India    10-May-1992

The residence of Gurdev Singh, a Congress candidate in the Vidhan Sabha elections, was set ablaze by terrorists in Lapra village, Ludhiana.

India    10-May-1992

Terrorists on a scooter fatally shot 10 persons and injured 3 others at Bhai Rupa Chowk in Bathinda.

India    17-May-1992

Jagdev Singh Talwandi established his own party, assuming the role of president.

India    18-May-1992

Terrorists killed Comrade Jasbir Singh, the CPI candidate from the Kharar constituency.

India    23-May-1992

Hakam Singh, a former Congress-I Member of Parliament (MP), was killed by terrorists in Jaurkian village in Mansa district.

India    02-Jun-1992

Amrik Singh Kauli, a notorious terrorist, was killed by the Chandigarh police in an encounter.

India    07-Jun-1992

Terrorists attempted to breach the Bhakra Canal at Bheora in Ropar through an explosion.

India    09-Jun-1992

Surjit Singh Behla, a terrorist, along with six others, was eliminated by the police in an operation conducted at Behla in Tarn Taran.

India    10-Jun-1992

11 individuals were killed by terrorists in an attack at Kalikawala village in Faridkot.

India    18-Jun-1992

The call for a Punjab Bandh given by militant groups in protest against the killing of Surjit Singh Behla and his associates in a police encounter received a mixed reaction.

India    22-Jun-1992

Multan Singh, the General Secretary of Congress-I Rural Amritsar, was killed by terrorists.

India    25-Jun-1992

Nine individuals were killed by terrorists in Killa Raipur, Ludhiana.

India    30-Jun-1992

Following an appeal by PC-Sohan Singh and its allied organizations, a total of 2133 Sarpanches and 10677 Panches resigned in the state. However, their resignations were not accepted, and the Panchayats continued to function.

India    23-Jul-1992

In a state-level meeting of office bearers, district Jathedars, former ministers, and legislators of the Badal Group, a resolution was passed warning the Central Government that history would never forgive them if the death sentences of Jinda and Sukha were not commuted, as it would widen the gap between Sikhs and India.

India    24-Jul-1992

During a meeting of SPAC, Baba Joginder Singh criticized the Supreme Court's judgment regarding Sukha and Jinda as being racial in nature.

India    30-Jul-1992

G.S. Bhudh Singhwala, the chief of the BTF, was killed in a police encounter in Ludhiana.

India    31-Jul-1992

SAD (M) issued a call for a Punjab Bandh on August 3 and 4 to protest against the killing of Budh Singhwala.

India    01-Aug-1992

In a statement, SS Mann appealed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations to grant him security protection against governments.

India    09-Aug-1992

Sukhdev Singh Babber, a notorious terrorist, was killed in a police encounter near Ludhiana.

India    10-Aug-1992

Terrorists killed 14 relatives of police employees in Bakhatgarh village, Barnala district, and 5 individuals in Boparai.

India    11-Aug-1992

Five family members of policemen were killed at Khialakalan in Majitha, Amritsar.

India    13-Aug-1992

The SPAC issued a call for a three-day Punjab bandh to protest the demise of Sukhdev Singh Babbar from BKI.

India    14-Aug-1992

The leaders of SPAC expressed unanimous regret over the application of separate laws for Sikhs and the suppression of their democratic rights. They condemned the killings of Budh Singh Wala and Sukhdev Singh Babbar in staged encounters. They called for observing Independence Day as a "Black day," symbolized by wearing black turbans and hoisting black flags.

India    15-Aug-1992

Terrorist killed 7 relatives of policemen in Jaithu Nangal in Majitha.

India    25-Aug-1992

During a conference of AISSF in Amritsar, Jasvir Singh Ghuman proposed organizing the AISSF as the "HariawalaDasta" of SAD (Manjit), emphasizing the readiness to make sacrifices for the attainment of "Khalsa Raj." He further stated that Sikhs would not remain with India if Sukha and Jinda were executed.

India    26-Aug-1992

G.S. Tohra expressed the viewpoint that restoring peace in the state could only be achieved through the revision of the Indian Constitution.

India    29-Aug-1992

In a press note, SS Mann indicated that the objective of the Sikh Qaum was focused on the establishment of an "Independent Sovereign Sikh State.

India    30-Aug-1992

SPAC arranged a rally against State repression at Gurdwara Alamgir in Ludhiana, which had a low turnout.

India    04-Sep-1992

Bhai Manjit Singh, the president of the newly established Akali Dal, pledged to restore the lost honor and glory of the Sikh Quam and to strive for the establishment of an independent Sikh Raj.

India    13-Sep-1992

Harinder Singh, SGPC Secretary, stated that the Sikh Quam lacked faith in the Indian constitution and that it was engaged in a fight for its rights.

India    18-Sep-1992

Amrik Singh, the President of SSF Mehta, called for a separate Sikh state and independence, vowing to persist in their struggle until it is achieved. He further appealed to the Sikhs to collaborate with militants in their cause.

India    18-Sep-1992

During a workers' meeting, Bhai Manjit Singh asserted the necessity of establishing Khalsa Raj.

India    27-Sep-1992

The Panthic Committee (Sohan Singh) and its militant organizations appointed Dr. Pritam Singh Sekhon as the chief general of KLF, replacing Budh Singh Wala.

India    01-Oct-1992

PS Badal warned the policemen about persisting with their excessive actions against Sikhs, emphasizing that they would be held accountable to the Panthic Government whenever it came into existence.

India    09-Oct-1992

During a joint meeting of Akali leaders, including SS Mann, PS Badal, Tohra, Manjit Singh, and Bhai Mohkam Singh, resolutions were adopted expressing profound shock over the execution of Sukha and Jinda. They declared them as precious Jewels of the Qaum and called for a 72-hour Punjab Bandh.

India    10-Oct-1992

SS Mann stated that while the execution of Sukha and Jinda was inevitable, their sacrifices have fortified the foundation of the objective set by Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale for the creation of a sovereign and independent Sikh State, Khalistan.

India    12-Oct-1992

Kuldip Singh Wadala accused the Punjab and Central Governments of playing with fire through their decision to ban the Bhog ceremony of Sukha and Jinda, stating that it posed a challenge to the Qaum.

India    13-Oct-1992

Darshan Singh Kaypee, a former Minister, was killed in the vicinity of Jalandhar.

India    14-Oct-1992

In a letter addressed to the Editor-in-Chief of The Tribune, SS Mann clarified that his party advocated for the establishment of an independent sovereign state. He further mentioned that the majority community should not have any objection to the memorial service of Sukha and Jinda at Sri Akal Takhat on October 18.

India    18-Oct-1992

Printed Punjabi posters titled "Warning to the employees" on behalf of BKI were discovered in the villages of Sri Hargobindpur, Gurdaspur.

India    23-Oct-1992

The Panthic Committee (Sohan Singh) and its militant outfits urged the people of Punjab to refrain from celebrating Diwali as a form of protest against the execution of Sukha and Jinda.

India    27-Oct-1992

SS Mann appealed to Sikhs to lit “Deepmala” in Gurdwaras and houses in Punjab to celebrate Diwali on October 31.

India    30-Oct-1992

25 Bihari laborers were killed in Ludhiana district.

India    31-Oct-1992

In a statement, the SAD (M) appealed to intellectuals, minority communities, Dalits, laborers, and employees to unite with the SAD (M) in their pursuit of establishing a sovereign and independent Sikh state.

India    07-Nov-1992

In a press statement, SAD Mann announced their intention to pass a resolution in support of a sovereign independent Sikh state, Khalistan, through the SGPC. Additionally, they declared that October 31 would be observed as "Dushat Damn Divas" on a daily basis.

India    08-Nov-1992

During a meeting chaired by J.S. Talwandi in Ludhiana, a resolution was passed asserting that the Sikhs had no choice but to demand the establishment of a Sikh raj.

India    20-Nov-1992

Gian Singh Sangha, leader of CPI-ML, was killed by terrorists near Shahpur in Jalandhar.

India    22-Nov-1992

Seven brick kiln laborers were killed by terrorists near Mithewal village in Malerkotla.

India    01-Dec-1992

16 Bus Passengers were killed by the terrorists near Sidhwan Khurd village in Jagraon, Ludhiana.

India    02-Dec-1992

19 terrorists were killed in an encounter with Makhu police near Gatta Badshah in Firozpur.

India    03-Dec-1992

A total of 44 terrorists surrendered before the Director General of Police (DGP) at Tarn Taran.

India    03-Dec-1992

Navroop Singh Dhorian, the deputy chief of KLF, was killed in an encounter near Ralla village in Mansa.

India    05-Dec-1992

Resham Singh Thandey, a hardcore terrorist, was killed in a police encounter near Mann Babrian village in Mansa.

India    10-Dec-1992

During his address at the district-level dharna in Jalandhar, PS Badal urged the policemen not to carry out unjust orders from their superiors. He alleged that only constables who had eliminated at least 5 militants were being promoted.

India    11-Dec-1992

Police arrested two terrorists of KCF-Panjwar and recovered one AK-47 rifle and 2 pistols near Railway bridge Damtal in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh

India    15-Dec-1992

Mann asserted that policemen involved in staged encounters would face consequences once an Akali Government was established in Punjab.

India    16-Dec-1992

F.S. Tohra advocated for the Sikhs' right to self-determination in order to establish Khalsa Raj.

India    21-Dec-1992

C.S. Walia justified the assassinations of General Vaidya and Indira Gandhi, while Tohra appealed for unity within the Sikh Qaum to attain freedom.

India    23-Dec-1992

In a message to the Sikh Qaum, Kartar Singh Narang (SBAD) urged the Sikhs to escalate the ongoing struggle for the establishment of a sovereign Independent Khalsa Raj. He also called upon the Union and State Governments to acknowledge the demand for freedom of the Khalsa Panth.

India    26-Dec-1992

SS Mann announced his intention to hold accountable the army and police officers who were found guilty.

India    31-Dec-1992

Iqbal Singh Tiwana, Deputy Secretary of SAD (Mann), called upon the Sikhs to support the ongoing struggle for the attainment of a fully sovereign, democratic, and independent Sikh state.

India    31-Dec-1992

Inderjit Singh Sakhira, the deputy chief of BKI, was killed in an encounter at Sheron village in Tarn Taran.