Babbar Khalsa International (BKI)

Origins of Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) can be traced back to Babbar Akali Movement in 1920. However, its latest violent incarnation was created in the aftermath of sectarian clash on April 13, 1978 between Nirankaris and activists of Akhand Kirtani Jatha. The clash had resulted in the death of Akhand Kirtani Jatha Chief Fauja Singh.

Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF)

Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF) was formed towards the end of 1986 by Arur Singh as its ‘chief’. He formed KLF after being ejected from the Panthic Committee. He organised Mai Bhago Regiment under the banner of KLF as the armed wing of Presidium faction of All India Sikh Students Federation (AISSF).

Khalistan Zindabad Force (KZF)

Khalistan Zindabad Force (KZF) was formed in 1993 by Ranjeet Singh, a small-time criminal who was involved in smuggling and a resident of Simbal camp in Jammu. He formed KZF after he developed contacts with cross-border smugglers in RS pura and Samba areas and encouraged Sikh youths of Jammu area to join terror ranks.

International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF)

ISYF was formed in August 1984 in England in the aftermath of Operation Blue Star. It was founded by Amrik Singh and Jasbir Singh Rode, nephew of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale who had joined Khalistani movement in 1982. ISYF held its first conference in Walsall, United Kingdom. Similar to other Khalistani militant groups, ISYF also has fractured into splinter groups.

Khalistan Commando Force (KCF)

Khalistan Commando Force (KCF) was formed with the support of Panthic Committee and Damdami Taksal in August 1986 under the leadership of Manbir Singh Chaheru.

Khalistan Tiger Force (KTF)

The Khalistan Tiger Force (KTF) is a militant group which was formed to create a separate country for the Sikhs – Khalistan.